Static and rotating white dwarf stars at finite temperatures

Abstract

Static and rotating, cold and hot white dwarf stars are investigated both in Newtonian gravity and general theory of relativity, employing the well-established Chandrasekhar equation of state. The Hartle formalism is involved to construct and study uniformly rotating configurations of white dwarfs. The mass-radius, mass-central density, radius-central density and other basic relations of stable white dwarfs, consisting of pure helium and iron, are constructed for different temperatures at mass shedding limit. Stability of white dwarfs is analyzed with respect to the inverse beta decay process, pycnonuclear reactions and instabilities of general relativity. It is found that for a fixed mass hot white dwarfs consisting of pure iron are smaller in size, correspondingly denser with respect to the ones composed of light elements. In addition, it is shown that near the Chandrasekhar mass limit the mass of hot rotating white dwarfs is slightly less than for cold ones, though for low mass rotating white dwarfs and static ones in all mass range the situation is opposite.
How to Cite
BOSHKAYEV, Kuantay et al. Static and rotating white dwarf stars at finite temperatures. International Journal of Mathematics and Physics, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 2, p. 61-69, dec. 2021. ISSN 2409-5508. Available at: <https://ijmph.kaznu.kz/index.php/kaznu/article/view/405>. Date accessed: 30 sep. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.26577/ijmph.2021.v12.i2.07.